Find Weird and Wonderful Books at AbeBooks
Sunday, July 21, 2024
History cheat sheets


History of the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic, located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, has a rich history shaped by indigenous cultures,…

By Staff , in Dominican Republic , at July 6, 2024 Tags:

Find Cheap Textbooks - Save on New & Used Textbooks at AbeBooks.com

The Dominican Republic, located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean, has a rich history shaped by indigenous cultures, European colonization, African slavery, and struggles for independence.

Pre-Colonial and Early Colonial Period
Indigenous Inhabitants: Before European contact, the island of Hispaniola was inhabited by the Taíno people, an Arawak-speaking indigenous group. The Taíno had a complex society with organized political systems and vibrant culture.
Discovery by Columbus: Christopher Columbus arrived on the island on his first voyage in 1492, naming it La Isla Española (Hispaniola). The Spanish established the first permanent European settlement in the Americas at La Isabela in 1493.
Colonial Rule: The Spanish exploited the island’s resources and established a colonial economy based on mining and agriculture, using the labor of the Taíno people, who were decimated by disease, warfare, and harsh labor conditions. African slaves were brought to replace the dwindling indigenous population.

Spanish and French Control
Division of Hispaniola: The Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 divided Hispaniola between Spain and France, with the western part becoming the French colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) and the eastern part remaining under Spanish control.
Haitian Influence: In the late 18th century, Saint-Domingue’s slave rebellion led to the establishment of Haiti. In 1804, Haiti declared independence, and in 1822, Haitian forces occupied the eastern part of the island, unifying it under Haitian rule.

Independence and Early Republic
Dominican Independence: On February 27, 1844, the Dominican Republic declared its independence from Haiti, led by nationalist Juan Pablo Duarte and the independence movement known as La Trinitaria.
Early Instability: The early years of the republic were marked by political instability, internal conflicts, and brief periods of Spanish reoccupation (1861-1865).

20th Century Developments
US Occupation: The United States occupied the Dominican Republic from 1916 to 1924 to address political instability and protect its interests. This period saw infrastructure improvements but also resentment towards foreign control.
Trujillo Era: Rafael Trujillo came to power in 1930 through a coup and established a brutal dictatorship that lasted until his assassination in 1961. His regime was marked by repression, economic development, and efforts to promote Dominican nationalism.
Post-Trujillo Era: The post-Trujillo period was tumultuous, with brief civil war in 1965 leading to another US intervention. Joaquín Balaguer, a former Trujillo ally, ruled for much of the next three decades, with periods of electoral manipulation and authoritarianism.

Modern Era
Democratic Transition: The 1990s marked a shift towards democratic governance with relatively free and fair elections. The Dominican Republic experienced economic growth and improvements in infrastructure and social services.
Recent Developments: In recent years, the country has continued to develop its tourism industry, which is a major economic driver. However, challenges such as poverty, corruption, and political instability persist.

Cultural and Social Aspects
Cultural Diversity: The Dominican Republic has a rich cultural heritage, influenced by its Taíno, African, and European roots. This is reflected in its music (such as merengue and bachata), cuisine, and festivals.
Languages: Spanish is the official language, and there are also communities that speak Haitian Creole and other languages due to migration.

  1. Home
  2. /
  3. Regions
  4. /
  5. South America
  6. /
  7. Dominican Republic
  8. /
  9. History of the Dominican...

Advertisement:

Bestseller No. 1
The Dominican Republic: A National History
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Frank Moya Pons (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
Bestseller No. 2
History of the Dominican Republic: A Captivating Guide to the Caribbean Island's Ancient Roots, Taínos and Caribs, Colonial Past, and Modern Times (European Exploration and Settlement)
  • History, Captivating (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 112 Pages - 05/28/2024 (Publication Date) - Captivating History (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 3
The Dominican Republic Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 560 Pages - 05/23/2014 (Publication Date) - Duke University Press Books (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 4
The History of the Dominican Republic: From Taino Roots to Modern Marvel
  • Perez-Meyer, Rafael (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 127 Pages - 05/19/2023 (Publication Date) - Independently published (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 5
The Mulatto Republic: Class, Race, and Dominican National Identity
  • Mayes, April J. (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 210 Pages - 12/15/2015 (Publication Date) - University Press of Florida (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 6
The Dominican Republic: A National History
  • Used political / history
  • Moya Pons, Frank (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)

We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases.

  1. Home
  2. /
  3. Regions
  4. /
  5. South America
  6. /
  7. Dominican Republic
  8. /
  9. History of the Dominican...

Comments